What is Aphasia?
According to International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), ”Aphasia is a combination of a speech and language disorder caused by damage to the brain that affects about one million individuals within the US. Most often caused by a cerebral vascular accident, which is also known as a stroke, aphasia can cause impairments in speech and language modalities. To be diagnosed with aphasia, a person’s speech or language must be significantly impaired in one (or several) of the four communication modalities following acquired brain injury or have significant decline over a short time period (progressive aphasia). The four communication modalities are auditory comprehension, verbal expression, reading and writing, and functional communication.” ICD-10-CM Code R47.01
What is People with Aphasia PWA?
Most people with aphasia has difficulty in speaking, expressing themselves in form of speech. Some of them are able to express through other means like drawings, writings, electronic devices etc.
A minority group of people with Aphasia has difficulty in understanding. They seems to talk a lot yet not in logical order. They could response in conversation yet unable to understand what the message that has just conveyed.
Whereas many adults with aphasia know exactly what is going on, have opinions on issues, have the desire to socialize, and are capable of participating in decisions that pertain to
them. But the diseases affects a person’s ability to communicate feelings, thoughts and emotions, or the ability to understand what others say.
少數患有失語症的人很難理解。 他們似乎在說很多話，但順序不合邏輯。 他們可以在對話中做出回應，但無法理解剛剛傳達的信息。